Philosophy of war
The world, life in general, and even the universe have such bitter realities. We are also a small part of the universe. This "We" I say is our entire planet and the people on it.
No creation comes from nothing. That is, there is some power behind it. This power is usually formed from physical events that appear as some kind of violence or disaster.
Galaxies collide with each other, and the terrible energy of these collisions creates something later. Two dysfunctional stars will collide, resulting in a new system with at least some function.
For billions of years, the course of the universe has manifested itself in this form. Likewise, our tiny particle, the planet Earth.
When we wonder what terrible processes our planet was created as a result of, we don't want to observe the flowery nature of our life and see the past. The simplest one can be noted that our current atmosphere was created from a world that was bombarded by meteorites for millions of years.
Man has been living in a state of struggle since he did not realize that he was human. The struggle for primitive survival is combined with the struggle for individual comfort and security. That is, man has been in a state of struggle and war since his inception. It has no civilization or uncivilization. The difference is that after the creation of states, wars have moved from forests to cities and countries.
Just as humans used to divide their borders with a map defined by wolves (not to mention monkeys) in the forests, so now they divide by creating a system indexed to power called law.
And the war has been over the same thing for hundreds of thousands of years:
If earlier the struggle was both with nature and with each other, the current struggle continues systematically between societies and states.
War is a biological factor rather than a political one. War is the first biological and then the political fate of mankind.
One side of life is suffering and the other side is happiness. Suffering leads to happiness and sometimes suffering leads to suffering.
The philosophical model of the universe applies to the system in its complex form. Like the evolutionary process of mega-systems, internal manifestations are similar. The history of humanity and civilizations essentially follow certain similar paths.
Many philosophers, historians, and political economists note that wars have existed since the beginning of civilization. As man created a cultural civilization, cities, and states emerged, and thus human power and passion in a competitive environment shaped wars. Many researchers attributed the formation of war and exploitation to the emergence of a purely class society.
What is said is not wrong. But what is wrong is that the first concept of war existed even before civilization and class societies. For example, human intellectuals with rich knowledge such as Karl Marx in the past and Yuval Noah Harari today have made certain mistakes in this matter. Of course, this is my approach.
To investigate the root of the issue of war, we need to turn to other important aspects, such as "Human evolution" or "Human behavioral biology", in addition to history and philosophy.
Human behavior has certain animal instincts, and no matter how many cultures we cross, there are still past codings in our genetics. For example, feelings such as power and passion determine not only our individual lives but also the course of the entire global world.
Wars have always been an integral part of life. It has caused many disasters in the world. But on the one hand, it is an irony of life that wars brought the main innovations along with them. That is, it was the main tool for innovations.
Without war, Sumerian culture would not have arisen. If Alexander did not conquer many territories, Greek culture and science would not have reached those territories. Without the Roman invasions, most of the world would have been barbaric. If the Turks had not conquered Anatolia, it would not be known where they would be today as a nomadic society. They would not be active in a central position in the course of the world. If Shah Ismail had not entered Tabriz, a great state would not have been created in Azerbaijan.
The institution of slavery was abolished by wars. Feudalism was abolished by the revolutionary struggle. At the same time, strict capitalism was either defeated in the socialist struggle in certain geographies or was forced to undergo reforms.
Wars are usually the only way forward. Sometimes it is completely unavoidable.
The first man throught history wrote the doctrine of war was the ancient chinese philosopher and strategist, Sun Tzu, said that every battle is won before it is ever fought.
Rousseau believed that it is right to go to war when the country's vital interests are at stake.
Hegel's dialectic is of great importance in the philosophical principle and management of the world. I would like to mention a sentence from Hegel:
"War is progress, peace is stagnation."
This is a very heavy sentence. But it is the reality of life. Some realities happen not by desire, but by necessity. Hegel is one of the most difficult figures in philosophy. It is not a personality that everyone will understand. Many people can condemn and criticize his approach to war. But this does not change the reality. According to Hegel, wars are a storm in the seas. Of course, this is a disaster, but the constant silence of the seas can be an even greater disaster. This philosophy of Hegel goes to the very bottom of cognitive reality. That is, if there is a factor to be criticized here, it is human nature, evolution, and the bitter reality of life.
Those who die in wars become inferior, families are destroyed, and humanity suffers greatly. However, people have not been able to create a formula for a world without war. It is as if war is a disease of humanity. Which, by treating this disease, certain parts of the body are lost and new ones are formed in a different form.
War is a torment for humanity. But sometimes the alternative is greater suffering. For example, if millions of people had not died against fascism, billions of people would have suffered much more.
War does not always have the same form, the same purpose, or the same result. The war for the right, against oppression and injustice should lead to progressive results according to the logical dialectic of life. If wars end only in losses and sufferings, the problem is not in the dialectic, but in the war itself and its purpose.
Behind the violence and pessimism of war, there are other historical scenes.
The defeat of the human being in the war means that, first of all, he cannot do it by his nature and evolution.
This word is a very big scientific-philosophical phrase:
But there is another big question that drives me deeper:
But what if we could do it?
If we could go against our genetics and historical evolution, would we be better or worse?
Many different answers can be found to this question, but all the answers will stop at one point, that life itself cannot be an ideal reality. The system of life itself, the philosophical principle, does not have a defined ideality.
In conclusion, war is chronic issue of mankind. War is an endless concept, as genius Plato said that “Only the dead have seen the end of the war.”
He received his bachelor's degree in Political Science at Baku State University. His master's degree in MBA at Azerbaijan Technological University and University of Jaen in Spain within Erasmus program.